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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 81-85

Family care burden and its association with psychological distress among caregivers of chronic patients with schizophrenia


1 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dewada, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dewada, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India
3 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
4 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Lokesh Kumar Ranjan
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Central India Institute of Mental Health and NeuroScience, G. E. Road, Dewada Chowk, Kopedih Road, Rajnandgaon - 491 441, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jphpc.jphpc_16_22

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Background: Family burden among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia encounter comprehensive caregiving challenges to maintain their own physical as well as psychological distress and it can deteriorate the family functioning. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between family care burden and psychological distress among caregivers of chronic patients with schizophrenia. Methods and Materials: The study was cross-sectional. It was conducted at the outpatient department of the Central Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dewada, Rajnandgoan, Chhattisgarh, India. A total of 260 samples were selected through a purposive sampling technique and informed about the study after giving their informed consent. Sociodemographics, a burden assessment schedule, and depression, anxiety, and stress scale were all part of the interview. Result: The study results showed a high level of care burden (70.8%) in the caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. The majority of the caregivers reported a severe level of stress (59.2%), anxiety (56.2%), and depression (48.5%). The result of the study indicated a significant positive relationship between family care burden and stress, anxiety, and depression among caregivers of chronic patients with schizophrenia. Conclusion: The study suggests the high prevalence of care burden which strongly contributes to psychological distress. These caregivers need psychosocial interventions to enhance the overall family environment to have a better adaptive state among families.


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