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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 76-80

Knowledge, attitude, and practices pertaining to COVID-19 among pregnant women: A cross-sectional study

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pallabi Nayak
Plot No - 67, Bapujinagar, Bhubaneswar - 751 009, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jphpc.jphpc_6_22

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Background: Since its emergence in 2019, COVID-19 has affected all groups of people across several countries. Updated information about the disease and its application is the key to halt the spread of infection. Although there have been widespread awareness campaigns on COVID-19, the level of awareness among vulnerable groups such as pregnant women needs to be evaluated. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practices toward COVID-19 among pregnant women and its association with various demographic variables. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted between July 1, 2020, and September 30, 2020. Assessment was done using a self-designed questionnaire. Participants scoring more than 50% marks in each section were considered to have adequate knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20. Results: The total number of pregnant women included was 244. About 59% of women had adequate knowledge about COVID transmission and protective measures. All women had a positive attitude toward preventive measures taken by the government. About 98% of women agreed that all preventive measures taken by the government were beneficial. Almost all (98%) women had good practice of safety measures such as social distancing, wearing masks, and frequent handwashing. However, no association was observed between demographic variables and level of knowledge, attitude, or practice. Conclusion: The study showed adequate knowledge and good practice by most pregnant women irrespective of their level of education and socioeconomic status. Targeted health education to pregnant women can further ensure safe practices during pregnancy.

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